Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

R100-billion needed to staunch KZN’s water woes

KwaZulu-Natal will have to spend R100-billion over the next 10 years to replace ageing water infrastructure and build new dams to meet the demand by residents of its 54 municipalities.

This is according to the progress report on a provincial water master plan presented by the KwaZulu-Natal government last week to the province’s co-operative governance portfolio committee, which has identified the lack of maintenance and replacement of ageing facilities as being central to the province’s water crisis. The plan is being developed in conjunction with the national water and sanitation department in response to the province’s water crisis.

But residents of municipalities facing ongoing water outages caused by infrastructure collapse — including eThekwini and the Ugu district municipality on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast — face more of the same: more than 40% of the province’s water infrastructure requires urgent maintenance within the next two years.

Residents of the informal settlement at corner of Moorton Drive and Higginson Highway in Chatsworth get water from a municipal water tanker as they face days without water, 13 January 2021. Photograph: Rogan Ward

Last week thousands of residents in Chatsworth, Pinetown and other parts of south and west Durban were left without water at the height of the spike in Covid-19 infections, driven by a second wave of the virus, after a pump at the Northdene reservoir packed up.

 The eThekwini municipality was left scrambling to find a replacement pump and provide residents with tanked water for cooking, drinking and washing while the pump was replaced.

New infrastructure is being constructed while existing infrastructure is being neglected and becoming derelict, in essence increasing the backlog indirectly

Water cuts have plagued the Ugu district municipality for the past three years. The situation reached a head again this December, with visitors arriving in the coastal municipality, which includes Port Edward, Margate and other holiday towns, left without water. 

Much of Ugu’s problem relates to the vandalism and sabotage of infrastructure, which has compounded the water shortages caused by increasing demand for water and municipalities’ inability to maintain reservoirs, pump stations and piping.

About 76% of the province’s population has access to running water, according to statistics from the department of water and sanitation, but the ability to continuously deliver water to them has been compromised by drought, poor infrastructure maintenance, and a lack of planning and budgeting by municipalities responsible for water reticulation.

Lack of maintenance

According to the progress report submitted to the committee, a “lack of maintenance is our biggest service-delivery problem”.

“New infrastructure is being constructed while existing infrastructure is being neglected and becoming derelict, in essence increasing the backlog indirectly,” the report said. 

Capital grants were being used “today to refurbish what we built with capital grant money 10 years ago”, and the correct balance between eradicating backlogs by building new infrastructure and creating new backlogs by failing to maintain the infrastructure that already existed had not been achieved. The bulk of investment went on new projects, with only two municipalities in the province meeting their target of 8% of revenue on maintenance.

Water infrastructure maintenance, it said, required an investment of about R5.6-billion over the next two years, with about 40% of all existing water infrastructure requiring “intervention” in maintenance during this period. 

Municipalities, the report said, urgently needed to put in place plans to limit water loss, which, in some cases, was as high as 77%. Municipalities across the board could not collect revenue and needed to improve this if they hoped to meet their maintenance bills and provide water to new consumers.

Among the significant projects identified by the province to improve water supply is constructing four new dams, including the R4.7-billion Mkomazi water project, work on which is already underway.

The report also identified poor governance as central to the province’s water woes.

“In general, municipalities are currently not exhibiting the traits of financially sustainable entities. Revenues are highly dependent on external transfers from government and donations, with some entities with ratios as high as 80%,” it said.

Most, it said, not only faced backlogs in providing water, but in ensuring that their existing supply was maintained to consumers.

Democratic Alliance MPL Chris Pappas, the party’s provincial spokesperson on co-operative governance, said the party welcomed the water master plan, but warned the government against “complacency” when it came to dealing with the challenges it had identified.

Residents of Montford in Chatsworth get water from a SAPS water tanker as they face days without water, 13 January 2021. Photograph: Rogan Ward

The province would have to closely monitor the local and district municipalities to ensure critical infrastructure maintenance, planning and budgeting. 

“We have already seen the devastating effects that poor water management can have through the ongoing Ugu water crises. This situation must be stopped from repeating itself across our province,” Pappas said.

Subscribe to the M&G

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them and receive a 40% discount on our annual rate..

Paddy Harper
Paddy Harper

Related stories


Subscribers only

Q&A Sessions: Zanele Mbuyisa — For the love of people-centred...

She’s worked on one of the biggest class-action cases in South Africa and she’s taken on Uber: Zanele Mbuyisa speaks to Athandiwe Saba about advocating for the underrepresented, getting ‘old’ and transformation in the law fraternity

Update: Standard Bank rejects climate proposal

Climate considerations are pressing Standard Bank shareholders to push for the recusal of those with fossil fuel ties.

More top stories

Wildlife farming vs Creecy’s panel

The departments of environment and agriculture legislation are at odds over modifying the genes of wild animals

Drugs and alcohol abuse rage in crime stats

Substance abuse has emerged as a reason for the spike in crimes during the first quarter of 2021.

UPDATE: Magashule tries to tip the scales on Ramaphosa in...

The suspended secretary general argues that the rules the party relied on to sideline him are invalid but those informing his attempt to suspend the president are lawful

Modack charged with Kinnear murder

Nafiz Modack is the second person to be charged with killing Charl Kinnear and five others are accused of conspiracy to commit murder, among 61 other charges

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…