Political pressure, NUM officials shooting at protesters and the firing of teargas and stun-grenades are to blame, says advocate Dali Mpofu.
The Farlam commission of inquiry heard that Amcu acted responsibly, and that Lonmin was "not equipped" to deal with the strike.
Lawyers for the union argued at the Farlam commission that it was a myth perpetuated by Lonmin that union rivalry was the main cause of the slaughter.
Lonmin claimed it couldn’t afford to build promised houses for workers, despite the World Bank making $150-million available.
The recommendations of the Farlam commission’s evidence leaders are very clear and SAPS would do well to start implementing them right away.
It’s easy to blame Amcu, but insurrection is caused by anger over poverty and inequality.
This was the message delivered by evidence leader Matthew Chaskalson at the Farlam commission, who urged against "normalising" the tragic massacre.
Lonmin found funding to build its workers housing, it has been revealed, but now it doesn’t know what happened to the funding agreement.
The Supreme Court of Appeal says the Legal Aid is bound to legal fees because it agreed to fully fund the unfunded period of the Farlam commission.
Former Lonmin executive admits that the deadly 2012 strike called for extraordinary negotiations that didn’t fall within the company’s structures.
Legal Aid is representing the Marikana miners, but is concerned about the precedent this sets when it comes to commissions of inquiry.
During a cross-examination at the Farlam commission, Riah Phiyega admitted that the R5 rifles used at the Marikana massacre are still being used
Lonmin’s chief commercial officer Albert Jamieson was asked why the company had failed to pursue every option at its disposal to avoid violence.
As the Marikana commission of inquiry wraps up its probe, the funding of legal representation for the injured and arrested miners is still uncertain.
Police claims about shooting at miners as a last resort appear to be thrown into question by a video shown to the Marikana inquiry.
Marikana strike leader Xolani Nzuza said he did not owe an apology to the families of Lonmin employees killed for reporting for work in August 2012.
Former mineral resources minister Susan Shabangu said the mining company used divide-and-rule tactics that contributed to the August 2012 unrest.
Three miners have backed up claims that police shot them while they were surrendering, including one who says he was fired at from around five metres.
Gillian Schutte takes a look at "Miners Shot Down", the first feature on the Marikana massacre, and asks where the missing links are.
The mine insists that it would not be logical to incorporate concerns regarding social conditions into the cross-examination of witnesses.
A witness has described how police shot mercilessly at miners who had run to the smaller koppie and hidden behind rocks and bushes to try and escape.
While the Farlam commission continues, the Marikana massacre has influenced everything from the families to art and politics. Let’s take a look.
A senior police officer has told the Farlam commission that an "excited" Lonmin employee instructed police to confront a peaceful protest group.
The families of those killed in the Marikana massacre have shared heart-rending stories at the Farlam inquiry.
The lawyer representing injured and arrested miners at the Farlam probe says the deputy president must account for his actions in a court of law.
Cyril Ramaphosa has told the Farlam commission he did not tell the police how they should conduct themselves in the lead-up to the Marikana massacre.
The deputy president’s grilling about the part he played in the Lonmin tragedy was interrupted by a crowd calling him a bloody-handed killer.
Accusations Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa faces at the Farlam commission are unlikely to affect his political career and presidential aspirations.
A Lonmin employee maintains he "wouldn’t have an idea" why an entry regarding food parcels for SAPS was deleted from the mine’s occurrence books.
Laying into security chief Dirk Botes, advocate Dali Mpofu said Lonmin’s collusion with the police led to many of the miners’ deaths.
Lonmin is accused of deliberately changing records to conceal that their security personnel had fired shots at strikers.
A Lonmin security officer has told the Farlam commission that security forces had been frustrated by the lack of police ahead of the Marikana strike.