Claims of militia links rock Colombian presidency

Colombia’s political establishment has been shaken by near-daily allegations of how President Alvaro Uribe’s allies worked with rightwing militias who for more than a decade used terror in pursuit of their own ends.

The Supreme Court has ordered six pro-Uribe lawmakers, including the foreign minister’s brother, to answer questions about alleged links with the paramilitaries who are blamed for the murder of thousands of Colombians. Two senators, an acting representative and a former congresswoman from the northern coastal province of Sucre, have been arrested, while one former governor remains at large.

Senator Alvaro Garcia, the grandfather of Sucre politics, is facing charges of murder for allegedly planning the killing of 14 villagers in 2000 and ordering the murder of an election agency official.

Political analyst Vicente Torrijos, from Rosario university in the capital, Bogota, said the claims could have a domino effect on the establishment as politicians implicate others to save themselves.

Senator Miguel de la Espriella from northern Cordoba province revealed in a Sunday newspaper that he was among about 40 politicians who signed a political pact with paramilitary leaders at the height of their power in 2001. On Tuesday the claim prompted a minor government official to quit after admitting signing the pact as a congressman.

“No one knows how high this goes,” said Adam Isacson, who monitors Colombia for the Centre for International Policy, a Washington-based thinktank.

Senator Alvaro Araujo, who is among the six lawmakers called to testify before the Supreme Court and is the brother of Uribe’s foreign minister, Maria Consuelo Araujo, warned that if he went down other heads in the government would roll.

The former head of Colombia’s intelligence agency during Uribe’s first term is also being investigated for collusion.

There is no evidence that the president is linked to the paramilitaries.

In a recent speech Uribe challenged the militia leaders to implicate him. “If any of those 30 000 paramilitaries can say that the president has been complicit, let them come forward,” he said.

The paramilitaries were formed by wealthy ranchers, businessmen and drug mafias in the Eighties to fight extortion and kidnapping by leftist guerrillas. The paramilitaries later turned into powerful armies involved in drug trafficking and extortion who used their power to control local politics and politicians.

Collusion between the militias and the military and police forces is well documented, but the extent to which paramilitaries colluded with politicians and local officials was an open secret.

While some claims against lawmakers were filed, but not pursued, more than five years ago, the allegations resurfaced after their names were mentioned in files found on the confiscated laptop of a top paramilitary leader known as Jorge 40.

The files allegedly include detailed accounts and recordings of meetings between politicians and paramilitaries to ensure the election of chosen candidates, and describe scams in which militias stole state funds from local health services.

The former militia chiefs are awaiting prosecution under a controversial law that grants them reduced prison sentences in return for confessing their crimes. — Â

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever. But it comes at a cost. Advertisers are cancelling campaigns, and our live events have come to an abrupt halt. Our income has been slashed.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years. We’ve survived thanks to the support of our readers, we will need you to help us get through this.

To help us ensure another 35 future years of fiercely independent journalism, please subscribe.


Where is the deputy president?

David Mabuza is hard at work — it’s just not taking place in the public eye. The rumblings and discussion in the ANC are about factions in the ruling party, succession and ousting him

Zuma turns on judiciary as trial nears

Former president says pre-trial correspondence is part of another plot

High court declares Dudu Myeni delinquent

Disgraced former SAA chairperson Dudu Myeni has been declared a delinquent director by the...

SANDF inquiry clears soldiers of the death of Collins Khosa

The board of inquiry also found that it was Khosa and his brother-in-law Thabiso Muvhango who caused the altercation with the defence force members

Press Releases

Undeterred by Covid-19 pandemic, China and Africa hold hands, building a community of a shared future for mankind

It is clear that building a community with a shared future for all mankind has become a more pressing task than ever before

Wills, Estate Administration and Succession Planning Webinar

Capital Legacy has had no slowdown in lockdown regarding turnaround with clients, in storing or retrieving wills and in answering their questions

Call for Expression of Interest: Training supply and needs assessment to support the energy transition in South Africa

GIZ invites eligible and professional companies with local presence in South Africa to participate in this tender to support the energy transition

Obituary: Mohammed Tikly

His legacy will live on in the vision he shared for a brighter more socially just future, in which racism and discrimination are things of the past

Openview, now powered by two million homes

The future of free-to-air satellite TV is celebrating having two million viewers by giving away two homes worth R2-million

Road to recovery for the tourism sector: The South African perspective

The best-case scenario is that South Africa's tourism sector’s recovery will only begin in earnest towards the end of this year

What Africa can learn from Cuba in combating the Covid-19 pandemic

Africa should abandon the neoliberal path to be able to deal with Covid-19 and other health system challenges likely to emerge in future

Coexisting with Covid-19: Saving lives and the economy in India

A staggered exit from the lockdown accompanied by stepped-up testing to cover every district is necessary for India right now

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday