Film director Steven Spielberg and actress Mia Farrow joined activists worldwide on Tuesday in using the Olympics as a backdrop to address human rights concerns, urging Beijing to exert political leverage on Sudan’s government to help end the crisis in Darfur.
Spielberg announced he would no longer act as an artistic adviser for the opening and closing ceremonies, saying he could not reconcile working on the Olympics while China and other nations were not doing enough to ease the suffering.
”Sudan’s government bears the bulk of the responsibility for these ongoing crimes but the international community, and particularly China, should be doing more,” Spielberg said in a statement. ”China’s economic, military and diplomatic ties to the government of Sudan continue to provide it with the opportunity and obligation to press for change.”
Farrow joined former Canadian Olympic swimmers Shannon Shakespeare and Nikki Dryden in delivering an open letter addressed to Chinese President Hu Jintao at the Chinese Mission to the United Nations, condemning Beijing’s support of the Sudanese government.
The letter was part of a ”Global Day of Action” that focused on Darfur, where more than 200 000 have died and an estimated 2,5-million have been displaced since 2003.
”We are all aware of the tremendous potential for China to help bring an end to the conflict in Darfur,” said the letter, signed by Nobel Peace Prize laureates, celebrities and 13 former Olympians.
Time running out
Farrow suggested China use its influence to disarm the Janjaweed, the government-backed Arab militia, demand the Khartoum regime halt bombings and ground attacks on civilians, and use its economic clout to force the government to ensure safety for United Nations peacekeepers.
China buys two-thirds of Sudan’s oil exports. In turn, China sells weapons to the Sudanese government and has defended Khartoum in the UN Security Council.
”How can Beijing host the Olympic Games at home and underwrite genocide?” said Farrow, a UN goodwill ambassador, shivering in freezing weather outside the Chinese Mission. ”Time is running out for the people of Darfur.”
Another letter signed by 120 lawmakers also called on Hu to use his ”significant influence” to help with peacekeeping and humanitarian efforts.
Farrow and several humanitarian groups had been critical of Spielberg for continuing to work on the games, even as the Sudanese military said it bombed three towns in West Darfur last week.
Several nations have put their athletes in a precarious position if they feel compelled to use the games as a platform for discussing Darfur.
On Monday, the British Olympic Association acknowledged that its team agreement appeared to go beyond rules laid out by the International Olympic Committee barring any ”demonstration or political, religious or racial propaganda” at an Olympic venue or area.
The United States Olympic Committee plans to ask American athletes to comply with IOC rules, but won’t impose additional measures.
Beijing has been sensitive to criticism that might tarnish its staging of the August 8 to 24 Olympics. In bidding for the games in 2001, China promised IOC members that the Olympics would lead to an improved climate for human rights.
Li Zhanjun, director of the media centre for the Beijing Olympics organising committee, said his office would comment later on the Darfur accusations made by Farrow and the former Olympians and Spielberg pulling out.
In the past, Beijing has highlighted its own efforts to ameliorate the situation in Darfur, including the dispatch of engineering troops to prepare for the arrival of an African Union-UN peacekeeping force, and says its economic ties are helping to reduce conflict by alleviating poverty. Ã¢â‚¬’ Sapa-AP