/ 14 May 2009

Thousands cross lagoon to flee Sri Lanka fighting

Thousands of Sri Lankans under fire waded across a lagoon to escape the island’s war zone, where the military has surrounded Tamil Tiger rebels for the final battle in a quarter-century conflict.

The military said aerial surveillance footage confirmed the exodus of about 5 000 people from a tiny, sandy coastal strip, where the United States and others say the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) are holding thousands by force.

Sri Lanka and the LTTE on Thursday brushed off demands from the United Nations Security Council and US President Barack Obama to take steps to protect the civilians at grave risk stuck between two foes determined to fight to the end of a war that began in 1983.

The call appeared to have come too late to stop an exodus the military has been counting on to remove the only protection the LTTE has from a military onslaught of overwhelming force. ”Already 2 000 civilians have crossed the lagoon. There is a large number of people crossing, and the [rebels] fired at them, Four people were killed, 14 were wounded,” said military spokesperson Brigadier Udaya Nanayakkara.

The UN’s acting representative for Sri Lanka, Amin Awad, told Reuters that local sources in the combat zone confirmed up to 6 000 were in the water or safely across.

”They are trying to escape, but the LTTE is firing at them, overhead and into them. The army and the navy claimed to have rescued some, and we are concerned about those remaining,” said Awad, who is also head of the UN refugee agency UNHCR.

Helicopters airlifted 12 wounded civilians to a hospital south of the war zone, air force spokesperson Wing Commander Janaka Nanayakkara said.

Getting a clear picture of the battlefield is nearly impossible, since most outsiders are barred from it and both sides have repeatedly distorted accounts of events there to suit their version of the story.

No truce, no surrender
The Security Council and Obama on Wednesday urged the LTTE to surrender and free tens of thousands of civilians they are holding, and the military to stop shelling people and refrain from using heavy weapons.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said fighting on Thursday had blocked it for a third day from offloading relief supplies and ferrying out wounded people.

”The situation is becoming desperate with the fighting continuing intensely and uninterrupted,” ICRC spokesperson Sarasi Wijeratne said in Colombo. A Red Cross worker was killed in fighting on Wednesday, the third this year.

Reports that hundreds were killed in attacks on a makeshift clinic in the 2,5 square kilometre area of remaining LTTE territory, for which both sides blamed each other, prompted the Security Council to make its first formal statement this year.

Sri Lanka on Thursday again ruled out any truce and insisted troops were only using small arms while trying to free civilians. It applauded the council’s recognition of its right to combat terrorism on its own soil.

”When the LTTE lays down arms and surrenders, there will be no need of conducting operations to free the civilians,” Mahinda Samarasinghe, disaster management and human rights minister, told Reuters.

The Tigers’ political head, B Nadesan, said in a statement the LTTE supported a permanent ceasefire but ruled out laying down arms, which he called a ”protective shield”.

”Tamils earnestly look forward to President Barack Obama to lead the humanitarian intervention,” he said, accusing the UN of holding back in bringing about a truce.

He made no reference to Obama’s statement that called the LTTE’s use of civilians as forced recruits and human shields ”deplorable” nor the call to lay down arms.

The Tigers, on US, European Union, Canadian and Indian terrorist lists, have vowed no surrender in their fight for a separate nation for Sri Lankan minority Tamils, which began in the 1970s and erupted into full-scale civil war in 1983.

Their fighters carry out suicide attacks and are reported to wear cyanide capsules to take in case of capture.

The increasing allegations of civilian deaths have prompted more and more demonstrations by expatriate Tamils around the world and vandalism against several Sri Lankan embassies.

Two Sri Lankan Tamils on a month-long hunger strike were taken to hospital in Paris on Wednesday, after about 400 people blocked traffic to protest against the war. — Reuters