Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of this weekend’s Russell Tribunal on Palestine, which will designate Israel an “apartheid” state as sure as night follows day, is precisely that it is taking place in South Africa.
Let’s face it, the form and the content — it will have “witnesses” to “Israeli apartheid” and at the end of it the “jury” will “set out its conclusions” — are a joke, though one made in decidedly poor taste.
It’s a kangaroo court. It’s run by the usual suspects. And the whole affair would be unremarkable to the point of being boring if it wasn’t for that one tiny, yet depressing, little detail — its location, Cape Town.
For, make no mistake about it, the attempt to smear the world’s only Jewish state (and only the world’s only Jewish state) with a label designed to leverage hatred and disdain is not merely to put oneself in the company of some of the most bigoted campaigners in the world. It is simultaneously to insult the memory of apartheid South Africa’s victims by adopting a strategy that inevitably sanitises the word “apartheid” itself.
The point is simple, though it is worrying, bizarre even, that tribunal participants such as Desmond Tutu apparently need it explained to them. But anti-Israeli hysteria is what it is. So, here goes.
The animating idea behind apartheid was white supremacy. Apartheid could not have been invented as a concept unless it had been underpinned by the notion that white people were superior to black people. That is what made it so abhorrent. No amount of dissembling from apartheid’s apologists that it was merely about separate development could disguise the fact that the system was racist to the core.
To attack Israel by using the word “apartheid” is therefore to deracialise a racist concept, and it runs the risk of inviting anyone who visits, or truly understands, Israel to say that if this is apartheid, apartheid must have been a perfectly reasonable system. Hendrik Verwoerd will laugh from the depths of hell.
To be fair, some of the more cunning operators inside the Israeli-apartheid brigade are aware of this.
They know that no Israeli leader has ever believed that Jews are racially superior to Arabs. They know that Arabs vote just like Jews do, and that Arabs sit in the Israeli Parliament. They know that Arabs and Jews can ride in the same buses, lie on the same beaches, and eat at the same restaurants.
So they have to change tack. Apartheid does not exist in Israel proper, they concede, but, in the literal sense of the word’s meaning, it does exist between Jews and Arabs in the West Bank in the form of “separateness” in dwellings and transport.
It’s a desperate last stand. The only reason for separate roads and dwelling is security, and everyone knows it regardless of what one may think about the settlements. To put it bluntly, Palestinian terrorists will kill Jews in the West Bank if they can. Israel has simply responded by erecting obstacles in the terrorists’ way.
But enough already. It’s time to stop participating in a fiction. The fact is that nobody believes Israel is an “apartheid” state. I’m certain that Tutu doesn’t believe it. Not even Hamas believes it.
The truth is that word and meaning are not meant to go together in this instance. And, when you think about it, in politics, the general phenomenon is not unusual.
Many leftwingers in Britain in the 1980s, for example, habitually called Margaret Thatcher a “fascist”. But none of them, not one, truly thought she was taking the country in the direction of Benito Mussolini’s Italy. They were simply throwing mud.
In Israel itself, the very word “apartheid” has occasionally been used by prominent politicians against the policies of their opponents. But they don’t mean it literally. It’s just a dig, a cheap shot. Politics, in other words.
To be sure, when anti-Israel campaigners use it, the term “apartheid” is much more than that. The word in this case is a weapon designed to isolate the Jewish state and inspire a global campaign similar to the one that helped to bring down the previous regime in South Africa.
In so far as one is looking for meaning, that’s all there is to it.
Not Jewish myself, I have been studying this seemingly unending hate campaign against one small Middle Eastern country for years. The ranting and the raving are the same more or less everywhere, and the charade in Cape Town won’t be any different.
But, as I have indicated, all it does is add an extra layer of depravity that a bunch of South Africans are prepared to dishonour the memory of apartheid’s victims while prosecuting what is already a thoroughly dishonourable campaign.
Robin Shepherd is the author of A State Beyond the Pale: Europe’s Problem with Israel. He is director of international affairs at the Henry Jackson Society, a London-based think-tank