Kinshasa is drowning in waste

The area in front of Kinshasa’s main station is bustling with activity. And everybody has to make their way through piles of garbage. Passing vehicles whirl up plastic and paper bags. The scenario repeats itself all around town. It is an everyday torture for the “Kinois”, as the inhabitants of Kinshasa are known.

Many people say that they are disgusted: “It gets worse every year. Our once so beautiful Kinshasa has degenerated into a big dump,” a woman said. Another one added: “We Congolese obviously despise our country. Otherwise we would not allow our cities to sink into such filth.”

Jules Mulimbi, in charge of environment and sustainable development at Kinshasa City Council, is worried about the quality of life in the capital too. “For me, a healthy environment is a fundamental human right,” he said.

The problem is not just the completely inefficient disposal of waste. The behaviour of the inhabitants also contributes to the problem. “The solution begins with every single citizen, every single family. If everyone disposed of the garbage on their own doorstep, we would already have solved part of the problem,” Mulimbi said.

Health risks for poor neighbourhoods

In the past Kinshasa used to be considered a beautiful city. People called her ‘Kinshasa, the coquette’, to describe her allure. Today, Kinshasa is connoted with garbage rather than feminine charms. “Litter also poses a great health risk,” said Jeanne, who didn’t give her full name. She says the situation in her neighbourhood is bad. “Most gutters are clogged with plastic bags and bottles. The water doesn’t run off when it rains. During the rainy season, most slums are flooded.”

In the Pakajuma district, about three kilometres from the main railway station, there are mountains of rubbish everywhere. Children and many animals, including pigs are always seen foraging for food. Sewage flows down the hills. Under the hot sun, the stench is hardly bearable. Latrines are a luxury here.

“Just look at how people live here! No wonder there are so many cholera cases in the area,” said Mimi Mututu, deputy coordinator of the NGO Logos Premier, which is working to clean up the neighbourhood. “People use dirty water to wash, drink and cook,” she said.

This poses a danger to their health, said Mimi Mututu: “People here live in an environment that is not clean and not healthy. That’s why there are many cases of malaria, typhus, cholera and other diseases,” Mututu noted.

Megacity with no professional waste management

Kinshasa is growing very fast. It is the third largest city in Africa after Cairo and Lagos. It is estimated that its 17-million inhabitants produce around 9 000 tonnes of garbage a day. That is a huge volume, especially for a city that has no professional waste management. The European Union used to support a waste disposal program, but aid was stopped in 2015. The problem got noticeably worse.

There are obvious solutions. The waste water flowing freely in the poor districts must be canalized, the litter collected and composted in proper landfills, incinerated or processed for recycling. The recycling of valuable raw materials could even develop into a profitable business model, said Jules Mulimbi of the Kinshasa City Council. “The processing and recycling of waste is actually a major challenge for us. But the problem can not only be solved locally, there must also be cooperation with the provinces,” Mulimbi explained.


The battle can be won

Mimi Mututu of the non-governmental organisation Logos Premier concurred: “Waste is not worthless. Our government should do everything in its power to recognise the value of waste and to use it,” Mututu said. She explained that in the past only iron was separated and recycled. “But we are now increasingly working on separating hard plastic as well. I think we will win this battle,” she said. 

For that to happen “we must raise public awareness. And first and foremost, we need to educate people about the dangers of the garbage problem,” Mututu said.

According to the authorities, a monthly budget of $12-million is needed to deal with the situation. This is a colossal amount, which administrators plan to finance through new taxes. But until then, the health of Kinois will stay under threat. — Deutsche Welle

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever. But it comes at a cost. Advertisers are cancelling campaigns, and our live events have come to an abrupt halt. Our income has been slashed.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years. We’ve survived thanks to the support of our readers, we will need you to help us get through this.

To help us ensure another 35 future years of fiercely independent journalism, please subscribe.

Deutsche Welle 1
Guest Author
Advertising

‘Tenderpreneurs’ block the delivery of protective equipment to schools

Protests by local suppliers have delayed PPE delivery, which according to the DBE, is one of the reasons the reopening of schools has been pushed back until June 8

‘Soon he’ll be seen as threatening, not cute’: What it’s...

There is no separating George Floyd’s killing from the struggles black people have faced ever since the first slave ships landed on these shores

How schools could work during Covid

Ahead of their opening, the basic education department has given schools three models to consider to ensure physical distancing
Advertising

Press Releases

Mining company uses rich seam of technology to gear up for Covid-19

Itec Direct technology provides instant temperature screening of staff returniing to the workplace with no human contact

Covid-19 and Back to School Webinar

If our educators can take care of themselves, they can take care of the children they teach

5G technology is the future

Besides a healthcare problem Covid-19 is also a data issue and 5G technology, with its lightning speed, can help to curb its spread

JTI off to court for tobacco ban: Government not listening to industry or consumers

The tobacco ban places 109 000 jobs and 179 000 wholesalers and retailers at risk — including the livelihood of emerging farmers

Holistic Financial Planning for Professionals Webinar

Our lives are constantly in flux, so it makes sense that your financial planning must be reviewed frequently — preferably on an annual basis

Undeterred by Covid-19 pandemic, China and Africa hold hands, building a community of a shared future for mankind

It is clear that building a community with a shared future for all mankind has become a more pressing task than ever before

Wills, Estate Administration and Succession Planning Webinar

Capital Legacy has had no slowdown in lockdown regarding turnaround with clients, in storing or retrieving wills and in answering their questions

Call for Expression of Interest: Training supply and needs assessment to support the energy transition in South Africa

GIZ invites eligible and professional companies with local presence in South Africa to participate in this tender to support the energy transition

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday