As the Covid-19 vaccination drive gets under way and the country gears up to stimulate the economy, the mining industry can help by increasing job opportunities and attracting investments.
Last year alone, the sector contributed R361.9-billion to the country’s gross domestic product, and it employed over 400 000 people.
The event, which took place virtually, focused on investing in a world in recovery from Covid-19 and the rise of gold in the pandemic.
Addressing the attendees, Ramaphosa said that his government’s aspiration is that the recovery from the pandemic should be in line with a more inclusive economy. However, he did not provide much further detail on how the mining sector will play a role.
Instead, Ramaphosa focused on how the industry should be more competitive and transformative and spoke about the need for more sustainable mining, which is key to unlocking innovation. He added that the sector should provide employment, business and training opportunities to people in the mining communities in which it operates.
Rita Spalding, a partner at law firm Webber Wentzel, said that the president spoke about going a long way to fix investor relations in the sector and making the country more attractive. However, there was no criteria or long-term time plan for that. “Once again, [the president gave] a bold statement without the detail needed,” she said.
Spalding said though there are talks about the world changing after the pandemic, mining will still be a vital sector in the economy. She said that there had been a decline in investment in this sector.
However, the industry can get funding by focusing on environmental, social and governance (ESG) investment vehicles. She said ESG was the new buzzword, which people only think of in relation to the environment.
“But in the mining industry, a focus on ESG issues can improve the communities mines operate in by, for example, building better schools and improving roads.
A 2020 PWC report found investors are expecting asset and wealth management firms to make ESG issues integral to their investment strategies.
The study found that global assets under management are projected to grow by up to 5.6% per annum to $147.4-trillion by 2025.
“No number of investment conferences that solicit pyrrhic pledges will attract and create investment”, he said.
The government needs to partner with and enable private sector investment to grow the economy. He said it could do this by allowing private sector investment into rail, ports, electricity and pipelines.
“The current state-owned enterprise (SOE) model has failed the nation, and so SOEs continue to constrain competitiveness and economic growth.”
Mgojo also added that the industry needs to focus more on exploration. He said between 2000 and 2018, Canada attracted, on average, $2-billion in exploration per annum. South Africa attracted only $194-million over the same period.
In 2019, the country accounted for only 1% of global exploration expenditure and only 0.1% of greenfields exploration. Mgojo said this was due to the lack of transparency, delays in issuing permits, regulatory uncertainty and the lack of adequately structured tax incentives for individuals and entities to invest in exploration in the country.
“These are only a few and low-hanging fruits that could change our economic trajectory within the short term,” he said.
Tshegofatso Mathe is an Adamela Trust business reporter at the Mail & Guardian