Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

Eskom can be a key player in SA’s transition to renewable energy, a new report finds

A new report from the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) suggests that Eskom can be a leader in South Africa’s transition to renewable energy.

Eskom relies on ageing coal-fired power stations that have resulted in endless rounds of load-shedding. The company says it uses more than 90 million tons of coal every year. 

Although South Africa’s Integrated Resource Plan includes a mix of wind and solar, electricity from burning coal remains dominant. It also included natural gas.

And producers of renewable energy face a litany of challenges that include political and business interests that support the fossil fuel industry. 

The Paris Agreement has given South Africa a target of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees celsius through reducing greenhouse emissions, but the slow pace of transition to renewable energy means the country is far behind this target. 

The IISD report, Power by All: Alternatives to a Privately Owned Future For Renewable Energy in South Africa, explores new models for renewable energy and the implications of these for South Africa. 

The report looks at four international case studies tackling renewable energy — Germany, Denmark, Morocco and the United Kingdom. For example, Ørsted, a state-owned power utility in Denmark, transitioned swiftly from a fossil fuel dependent operation to being a leader in renewable energy for that region.

According to Chido Muzondo, one of the authors of the study, the report is about finding alternatives to private renewables, as in the case of South Africa. She also suggests that certain policy shifts may help the country move faster.

“The new report shows that with the right business strategy and political support it is possible for state-owned Eskom to pivot our fossil fuels and dive into a more sustainable and cost effective renewable energy,” she said.

Eskom spokesperson Sikonati Mantshantsha says the company agrees with the IISD report — that it should be leading the transition to renewable energy.

“We do believe and are in fact on route to moving to renewable energy sources. We have about four coal-fired power stations that have almost reached the end of their life. Now, since last year, we have been asking for proposals from investors and other interested parties on what alternatives they would suggest must be built in these dilapidated coal power stations, be it laying solar or wind energy, which are renewable energy sources,” Mantshantsha said.

“Our aim is to have net zero emissions as Eskom by 2050; we want to significantly reduce our reliance on coal. However, we want to do this with the assistance of communities and investors, to balance social and economic sustainability,” he added. 

According to Muzondo, the Denmark scenario could also be a good case study for South Africa

“In the Ørsted case study, the development of a small but capable business unit that developed a functional business model allowed the leadership to take the decision to transition the entire utility. This did not happen overnight and the context in South Africa is  obviously different — but this could be the first step towards a transition to clean energy in South Africa,” she said. 

“The Ørsted case shows that with support from the government and committed leadership, state-owned enterprise transition has the potential to transform the energy sector of a country and transition jobs from the fossil fuel industry to renewables.”

Eskom doesn’t need to be this big barrier to renewable energy, according to Muzondo, and this report has shown that.

“These ownership models have all been developed in an effort to balance the need for investment in renewable energy with the other economic and social needs of the community,” according to the report. 

It states that although the energy scenario in South Africa is different to that of the other countries, the researchers believe that Eskom is the key enabler for renewable energy. “Without the widespread proliferation of renewable energy projects (in any business model format), it will be virtually impossible for the share of renewables to make up a great enough proportion of the country’s energy mix to account for the planned deficit of decommissioned coal plants and, moreover, to limit warming to below 1.5°C.” 

Chris Gilili is an Adamela Trust climate and economic justice reporting fellow, funded by the Open Society Foundation for South Africa.

Subscribe to the M&G

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them and receive a 40% discount on our annual rate..

Chris Gilili
Chris Gilili is a climate and environmental journalist at the Mail & Guardian’s environmental unit, covering socioeconomic issues and general news. Previously, he was a fellow at amaBhungane, the centre for investigative journalism.

Related stories

Advertising

Subscribers only

Seven years’ radio silence for taxpayer-funded Rhythm FM

Almost R50-million of taxpayers’ money has been invested but the station is yet to broadcast a single show

Q&A Sessions: Zanele Mbuyisa — For the love of people-centred...

She’s worked on one of the biggest class-action cases in South Africa and she’s taken on Uber: Zanele Mbuyisa speaks to Athandiwe Saba about advocating for the underrepresented, getting ‘old’ and transformation in the law fraternity

More top stories

Platinum records for South African mines

The miners are in a comfortable position as the world creeps towards a lower-carbon future

Denel money woes clip air force’s wings

A senior officer says the shortage of spares and and ability to service aircraft and vehicles has a negative effect on the SANDF’s operational ability

State fails at-risk children as R55m orphanage stands empty

Boikagong Centre in Mahikeng has been closed for almost two years because it did not meet safety requirements. The discarded children say they want a safe place to learn, but instead endure rape and other violence

Wildlife farming vs Creecy’s panel

The departments of environment and agriculture legislation are at odds over modifying the genes of wild animals
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…
×