Greece looks to Brussels for much-needed funding

Greece’s new prime minister headed to Brussels on Sunday to fight for the aid Athens needs to avoid bankruptcy, even as one of his coalition backers refused to give a written pledge to support reforms and a public sector union geared up for strikes.

Lucas Papademos must convince the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the European Union (EU) to give Greece the €8-billion it needs to avoid a mid-December default but the conservative New Democracy party has refused to meet their most basic demand.

Representatives from the so-called “troika” of the EU, IMF and European Central Bank (ECB) wrapped up initial talks with the conservative party and its partners, the Socialists of fallen Prime Minister George Papandreou and the far-right LAOS.

But during the visit, New Democracy head Antonis Samaras refused to give a written guarantee that he would continue to do whatever it took to meet the terms of the bailout no matter who wins a vote tentatively set for February 19.

According to LAOS party head George Karatzaferis, who met the troika team on Sunday, the international lenders would not release Athens’ sixth aid instalment without the pledge.

‘No wiggle room’
“I believe there is no wiggle room at all and we have to find an arrangement so that the money can be released in time to cover the country’s pressing needs,” Karatzaferis told reporters, adding that he would sign the pledge.

Samaras told the troika officials on Sunday that a verbal vow not to oppose existing reforms should suffice.

But in what analysts say is a move to distance himself from painful austerity measures and win votes ahead of the election, he also said last week he wants to win a full majority so he can reverse reforms he disagrees with.

Samaras, a Harvard-educated economist, has long opposed the tax hikes and spending cuts backed by his bitter rival — and former college roommate — Papandreou, saying pro-growth measures would be more effective.

That has angered the international community, who have watched Greece’s failure to meet its bailout targets help the crisis spread to other eurozone states and drive up debt yields in Italy, France, and even Germany.

According to a source close to the troika, the team was to depart Athens on Sunday. It is expected to return later to discuss whether it will release an €8-billion tranche of aid, without which Athens will default in mid-December.

Risking aid
Along with the December aid tranche, the troika must also judge whether Greece is worthy of a €130-billion bailout agreed last month to replace the original €110-billion package that has made up its aid so far.

Papademos, a former vice president at the ECB, was due to fly to Brussels later on Sunday. He was scheduled to meet the EU’s top leaders, Jose Manuel Barroso and Herman van Rompuy, on Monday and Eurogroup President Jean-Claude Juncker on Tuesday.

But Papademos’s government faces a number of hurdles on implementing reforms, including staunch opposition by unions and an angry population hit by years of austerity measures that have pushed the country’s economy into a fourth year of recession.

On Sunday, the union at Greece’s biggest power producer PPC threatened to call a wave of strikes in opposition to plans to loosen the firm’s grip over Greece’s coal reserves.

Under its bailout, Athens needs to lift state-controlled PPC’s de-facto monopoly on the production of lignite coal, the backbone of the country’s power production, and to try to sell the state’s stake in the generator.

Rolling strikes
But PPC labour union GENOP said it would launch rolling strikes if the Cabinet tries.

“This government of special interests, which was imposed on the Greek people against its will, has to know it will have to overcome many obstacles before it manages to sell off the Greek people’s property,” the union said in a statement.

Greek media — often split along party lines — were also divided over Samaras’s stance with the pro-New Democracy weekly Typos Tis Kyriakis saying he would eventually win a compromise from Athens’ lenders and would not have to back down.

“New Democracy officials are satisfied because Samaras is winning his fight with the Europeans regarding the written assurances,” the paper wrote.

But the left-leaning Eleftherotypia said Samaras, in trying to appease a “populist faction” in his party that disagreed with his moves over the past two weeks to join the coalition, could endanger next month’s aid payment.

“Samaras’s refusal to sign this commitment is putting the … instalment in danger and it might undermine all the moves he has made over the last 15 days,” the paper wrote. — Reuters

PW Botha wagged his finger and banned us in 1988 but we stood firm. We built a reputation for fearless journalism, then, and now. Through these last 35 years, the Mail & Guardian has always been on the right side of history.

These days, we are on the trail of the merry band of corporates and politicians robbing South Africa of its own potential.

To help us ensure another 35 future years of fiercely independent journalism, please subscribe.


Tension over who’s boss of courts

In a letter, Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng questions whether Justice Minister Ronald Lamola has acted constitutionally

SABC sued over ‘bad’ clip of Ramaphosa

A senior employee at the public broadcaster wants compensation for claims of ‘sabotage’

Soundtrack to a pandemic: Africa’s best coronavirus songs

Drawing on lessons from Ebola, African artists are using music to convey public health messaging. And they are doing it in style

In East Africa, the locusts are coming back for more

In February the devastating locust swarms were the biggest seen in East Africa for 70 years. Now they’re even bigger

Press Releases

The online value of executive education in a Covid-19 world

Executive education courses further develop the skills of leaders in the workplace

Sisa Ntshona urges everyone to stay home, and consider travelling later

Sisa Ntshona has urged everyone to limit their movements in line with government’s request

SAB Zenzele’s special AGM postponed until further notice

An arrangement has been announced for shareholders and retailers to receive a 77.5% cash payout

20th Edition of the National Teaching Awards

Teachers are seldom recognised but they are indispensable to the country's education system

Awards affirm the vital work that teachers do

Government is committed to empowering South Africa’s teachers with skills, knowledge and techniques for a changing world

SAB Zenzele special AGM rescheduled to March 25 2020

New voting arrangements are being made to safeguard the health of shareholders

Dimension Data launches Saturday School in PE

The Gauteng Saturday School has produced a number of success stories