African countries show low enrolment at secondary schools

Only 11 out of 26 African countries had secondary school enrolment figures of more than 50% in 2012, Good Governance Africa (GGA) said on Sunday in a press statement.

The organisation obtained the information from the World Bank.

According to its website, GGA is a “research and advocacy organisation based in Africa that works to improve government performance on the continent”.

Researcher James Stent told the Mail & Guardian the 11 African countries that had secondary school enrolment figures of more than 50% in 2012 were Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros, Congo Republic, Egypt, Ghana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Morocco, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, and South Africa.

The 15 countries that had less than 50% in secondary school enrolment were Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda and Tanzania.


GGA’s press release said South Africa had the highest secondary school enrolment in 2012, at over 100%.

Ratios can be higher than 100% if children older or younger than the respective age bracket are enrolled. “Niger had the lowest secondary enrolment ratio at 16%,” it said.

Stent said the four countries that had over 50% enrolment in secondary schooling in 1990 were Algeria (58.7%), Egypt (73%), Mauritius (52.4%) and South Africa (66.1%). 

The figures form part of GGA’s 2014 Africa Survey, which is a collection of social, political and economic indicators for all 55 African countries, compiled from a wide range of sources. The survey is due to be released to the public on October 28.

Compulsory education duration ‘low’
GGA compared secondary school enrolment figures to primary school enrolment figures and found a stark difference.

While the former’s figures had significantly improved, they are “far below primary school enrolment where 31 out of 39 African countries had primary school enrolment rates of more than 90% in 2012”.

Secondary school enrolment figures remain lower than primary school ones because “the duration of compulsory education is low in many African countries”.  

“In 20 African countries, compulsory education ends when the child is 13 or below,” GGA said, but “in 14 countries, compulsory education is six years or less”.

It said children in Mauritius receive 12 years of compulsory schooling, but in Madagascar a child’s compulsory education ends at 10, after five years of schooling.

Subscribe to the M&G

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. To help us continue for another 35 future years with the same proud values, please consider taking out a subscription.

Related stories

White elephant schools reveal lack of progress

The schools rationalisation programme is two decades old, but is still plagued by inconsistencies

Government must give a helping hand to learners who drop out

We cannot simply accept that 75 000 young people or more have dropped out of school this year and that life continues as normal — we need to give them opportunities

Covid-19 in classrooms: When a cough causes chaos

Despite the department of basic education’s announcement that teachers and learners were given orientation about the coronavirus, anecdotal evidence doesn’t bear this out

International students need equal care

Contradictory pandemic regulations could to be putting critical training in jeopardy

DBE: 95% of schools to open on June 8

After a week’s delay, the basic education minister said the majority of schools are ready to open, but added that ‘the golden rule is, there will be no school that will resume, if not ready to do so’

Schools: Confusion rather than clarity and confidence reign

The way in which Angie Motshekga has handled the reopening of schools has caused many people to lose confidence in her
Advertising

Subscribers only

The shame of 40 000 missing education certificates

Graduates are being left in the lurch by a higher education department that is simply unable to deliver the crucial certificates proving their qualifications - in some cases dating back to 1992

The living nightmare of environmental activists who protest mine expansion

Last week Fikile Ntshangase was gunned down as activists fight mining company Tendele’s expansions. Community members tell the M&G about the ‘kill lists’ and the dread they live with every day

More top stories

The high road is in harm reduction

While the restriction of movement curtailed the health services for people who use drugs in some parts of the world, it propelled other countries into finding innovative ways to continue services, a new report reveals

Khaya Sithole: Tsakani Maluleke’s example – and challenge

Shattering the glass ceiling is not enough, the new auditor general must make ‘live’ audits the norm here in SA

State’s wage freeze sparks apoplexy

Public sector unions have cried foul over the government’s plan to freeze wages for three years and have vowed to fight back.

‘Veteran’s stripes’ vs ‘kind and fair’

This weekend the Democratic Alliance will choose between two starkly different visions for its future
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday