Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

Khashoggi murder: Trump ignores US leverage over Riyadh

US President Donald Trump has doubled down on his partnership with Saudi Arabia, calling it an indispensable ally after a journalist’s grisly murder, but critics say his position ignores Washington’s enormous leverage over Riyadh.

Trump on Tuesday gave Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman a pass on Jamal Khashoggi’s murder, glossing over the Central Intelligence Agency’s reported conclusion that the kingdom’s de facto ruler had authorised the killing.

“Maybe he did and maybe he didn’t!” Trump said, implying Prince Mohammed’s culpability in Khashoggi’s killing in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on October 2 hardly matters.

What does, he asserted, was the Gulf kingdom’s role as a bulwark against rival Iran, its multi-billion dollar investments in the US –- including several arms deals — and its perceived stranglehold on global oil prices.

Trump was widely pilloried for what critics called his mercantile priorities that made him appear more like a lobbyist for the oil-rich kingdom, raising the prospect of strong congressional action against Saudi Arabia.

But Trump’s firm backing of the kingdom in the face of global outrage reinforced what officials in Riyadh often say: the US-Saudi relationship is too big to fail.

“Structural ties -– intelligence, counterterrorism cooperation and energy — really are too big not only to fail but to place at risk,” said Hussein Ibish, a scholar at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington.

READ MORE: Trump says doesn’t want to hear ‘suffering’ Khashoggi tape

“But transactional aspects of the relationship — weapons sales, investments that are valued by Trump — shouldn’t become an excuse to make a Faustian pact and turn a blind eye to justice.”

‘Substantial leverage’

Trump’s stance ignores what the Washington-based Centre for International Policy says is America’s “substantial leverage over Saudi behaviour”.

“The Saudis need US weapons and equipment more than we need to sell them,” former US Middle East negotiator Aaron David Miller wrote for CNN’s website.

“It would be very difficult and expensive for the Saudis to make good on their periodic threats to ‘buy foreign’ if they can’t get what they want from the United States.”

Experts say Riyadh is more susceptible to American pressure than Trump asserts, as its economy is intertwined with that of the US.

Seeking to diversify its oil-reliant economy, the kingdom’s vast Public Investment Fund has multi-billion dollar stakes in a host of US firms — from global ridesharing giant Uber to virtual reality start-up Magic Leap.

Largely lacking business expertise outside of its oil and petrochemical industries, Riyadh has poured millions of dollars into consultancy firms such as McKinsey and the Boston Consulting Group.

US fact-checking website PolitiFact disputes Trump’s claim that Saudi Arabia has agreed to invest $450-billion — including $110-billion worth of arms deals –- in the United States.

Many of the investments exist only on paper, it says.

And US arms sales to Saudi Arabia have accounted for fewer than 20,000 American jobs a year, a far cry from the hundreds of thousands of jobs claimed by Trump, according to the Centre for International Policy.

‘We can buy the world’

Prince Mohammed is likely to weather the crisis over the killing of Khashoggi, a Washington Post columnist critical of the de-facto ruler, and could rule Saudi Arabia for the next half century.

The kingdom appears emboldened by Trump’s support.

“To the world: Saudi Arabia First,” screamed a headline in the pro-government Okaz newspaper on Wednesday, echoing Trump’s “America First” mantra.

The full-page article heaped praise on Trump for not “acting foolishly” against the kingdom.

Dozens of what appeared to be Saudi bot accounts lionised Trump with messages of gratitude peppered with heart emojis.

“There’s a feeling that we can buy anything, that we can buy the world,” a Saudi analyst in Riyadh told AFP following Trump’s statement.

Shrugging off the global pressure, Prince Mohammed is expected to attend the Group of 20 summit later this month, raising the electrifying prospect of face-to-face encounters with world leaders who have strongly condemned the murder.

“I think in some ways this typifies the crown prince’s approach, which is… to say ‘no, we’re going to double down’,” said Jon Alterman, from the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

“If you’re going to deal with Saudi Arabia, you will be dealing with the crown prince.”

But Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who claims the orders for the Khashoggi’s killing came from “the highest levels” of the Saudi government, appears unlikely to follow Trump’s lead.

Same for the CIA.

In leaking its assessment that Prince Mohammed authorised the murder, the CIA was sending the message that it was willing to “take on Trump”, said James Dorsey, a fellow at Singapore’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

The move also suggested “the agency does not believe Prince Mohammed’s survival as king-in-waiting is crucial to US national security or the stability of the kingdom,” Dorsey added.

© Agence France-Presse

Subscribe to the M&G

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them.

Anuj Chopra
Guest Author

Related stories


If you’re reading this, you clearly have great taste

If you haven’t already, you can subscribe to the Mail & Guardian for less than the cost of a cup of coffee a week, and get more great reads.

Already a subscriber? Sign in here


Subscribers only

Cape Flats gangsters, children die in fight over turf

Extortion rackets are part of a corrupt system that includes religious leaders, councillors, police and syndicates

Tobacco farmers want the taxman to do more to control...

The Black Tobacco Farmers’ Association the introduction of a minimum price level for cigarettes

More top stories

South Africa moves back to adjusted level 3, schools to...

Vaccination capacity to be increased as the government announces financial support measures for those affected by Covid-19 restrictions and the recent civil unrest

Water sector to clean up its act

The Blue and Green Drop programmes are being relaunched to rebuild SA’s often poorly maintained and ‘looted’ water systems

Afforestation can hinder fight against global warming if done wrong,...

A simplistic approach to tree restoration without not properly accounting for the complexities of plant and atmosphere interactions can cause problems

Carbon tax to align to UN treaties

Amendments to offset regulations published on 8 July give clarity on big emitters carrying old carbon credits to a new framework

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…