Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

Snip, snip: Mboweni eyes wage bill, other future spending cuts

Finance Minister Tito Mboweni has doubled down on his commitment to curb government spending by slashing the public sector wage bill.

The treasury’s budget document, released on Wednesday, restated its plans to radically reduce spending on public servants’ compensation, which accounts for 32% of government expenditure over the medium term.

In the 2019-20 financial year, public service compensation absorbed 41% of government revenue and 47% of revenue in 2020-21.

Treasury views an increase in public service compensation as the primary culprit for the sharp rise in government spending over the last decade.

Proposed reductions to the wage bill amount to R303.4-billion between the 2020-21 and 2023-24 financial years.

This announcement comes after the labour appeal court ruled in favour of the national treasury in December 2020, empowering it to renege on salary increases set out in the public sector wage agreement. This saved the government R37-billion.

Trade union federation Cosatu has hit back at the treasury for failing to honour the wage agreement, accusing the government of undermining collective bargaining.

RELATED ARTICLE

In his speech on Wednesday, Mboweni said Public Service Minister Senzo Mchunu is working with organised labour to achieve a fair public-sector compensation dispensation when negotiations on a new multi-year wage settlement begin later this year.

Budget deficit

Cutting spending aims to stabilise the debt to GDP ratio and narrow the budget deficit, which has doubled since the 2020 budget from 6.8% of GDP to an estimated 14% in 2021. 

The 14% budget deficit is slightly higher than analysts predicted.

The deficit, the largest on record, results from expanded government spending in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Mboweni said: “Continuing on the path of fiscal consolidation during the economic fallout was a difficult decision. However, on this, we are resolute. We remain adamant that fiscal prudence is the best way forward. We cannot allow our economy to have feet of clay.”

Compared with the 2020 budget, the main budget non-interest expenditure will be reduced by R264.9-billion, or 4.6% of GDP, over the medium term. Most of these adjustments are to the wage bill.

Over the medium term, the main budget non-interest spending is significantly lower than the 2020 budget estimates, reflecting large reductions — mainly to the wage bill — to stabilise the debt-to-GDP ratio.

However, relative to the 2020 medium-term budget speech, spending has been revised up over the next two years, mainly for additional Covid-19-related spending.

About R11-billion has been provisionally allocated towards the public employment initiative in 2021-22. According to the budget, the initiative has created 430 000 jobs and aims to create another 180 000 by March 2021.

RELATED ARTICLE

Even so, the initiative will likely not be enough to stem the tide of the jobs bloodbath caused by Covid-19, which has left 1.4-million people unemployed even as the economy slowly recovers.

Government grants

To attend to Covid-19’s effect on employment, the temporary employer/employee relief scheme has been extended to April 2021. This will increase spending on the scheme to R73.6-billion in 2021-22.

The special Covid-19 social relief of distress grant has also been extended to April 2021. However, over the medium term, the total social grants budget will be reduced by 2.2%.

Total social grants will be reduced by R5.8-billion in 2021-22, R10.7-billion in 2022-23 and R19.5-billion in 2023-24. All grant values will increase by less than inflation.

According to the budget review, the number of beneficiaries is expected to increase by about 300 000 people over this period.

R10-billion has been allocated to the country’s vaccine roll-out over the next two years, and another R8-billion will be used to manage new waves of Covid-19. Over the medium term, R29.4-million will be allocated to Tygerberg Regional Hospital and R100-million to the Klipfontein Regional Hospital in the Western Cape.

Though spending on health will increase in the current year to R247-billion, this will be reduced in 2023-24. These reductions will be focused on compensation.

But even if the expenditure is decreased in the medium term, it will be difficult to offset the effects of debt-service costs, which — estimated at R916-billion over the medium term — exceed all individual consolidated spending items by function, other than social development, learning and culture.

Debt-service costs are higher than the 2020 budget estimates by R3.6-billion in 2020-21, R11.3-billion in 2021-22 and R17.9-billion in 2022-23.

According to the budget, debt-service costs are expected to average 20.9% of gross tax revenue over the medium term. South Africa’s borrowing remains large by developing-country standards, and debt is projected to grow by 7% of GDP over the next three years.

This means that money that could be spent on economic and social priorities is redirected to pay local and overseas bondholders.

Subscribe to the M&G

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them.

Sarah Smit
Sarah Smit
Sarah Smit is a general news reporter at the Mail & Guardian. She covers topics relating to labour, corruption and the law.

Related stories

WELCOME TO YOUR M&G

If you’re reading this, you clearly have great taste

If you haven’t already, you can subscribe to the Mail & Guardian for less than the cost of a cup of coffee a week, and get more great reads.

Already a subscriber? Sign in here

Advertising

Subscribers only

‘Exciting’ ramp-up for Covid jabs

As more vaccines arrive in the country, South Africa could administer 420 000 doses a day

Mokgoro was party to talks of his resignation

The North West premier has defied the interim provincial committee’s decision

More top stories

‘Exciting’ ramp-up for Covid jabs

As more vaccines arrive in the country, South Africa could administer 420 000 doses a day

Mokgoro was party to talks of his resignation

The North West premier has defied the interim provincial committee’s decision

Richard Calland: Cyril’s wicked cabinet conundrum

Three weeks ago, a second term for the president seemed a safe bet, but the insurgency has thrown the puzzle pieces in the air

ConCourt finds that protection of LGBT+ rights was intrinsic to...

The court also found that the term hurtful should be excised from the Equality Act in that it did not meet the justification threshold in the Constitution and gave Parliament 24 months to do so
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…
×